Guidance and Control of Percutaneous Treatments

  • L. Solbiati
  • M. Tonolini
  • L. Cova


Over the past decade, extensive changes have occurred in the therapeutic approach to primary and metastatic hepatic malignancies. Currently, percutaneous interventional modalities such as ethanol injection (PEI) and thermal ablation using different energy sources including radiofrequency (RF), laser or microwave are widely accepted for minimally invasive treatment of liver tumors (Goldberg et al. 2000; Dodd et al. 2000).


Arterial Phase Power Doppler Coagulation Necrosis Power Doppler Sonography Microbubble Contrast Agent 
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© Springer-Verlag Italia 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Solbiati
  • M. Tonolini
  • L. Cova

There are no affiliations available

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