It is universally accepted that mycobacterioses due to nontuberculous mycobacteria are acquired from the environment, and patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are not an exception. In contrast with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, environmental mycobacteria are weakly virulent and may require various predisposing conditions in order to cause disease in humans. The weakening of immune defenses, particularly of the cell-mediated variety, which reaches its maximum expression in the late stages of AIDS, is certainly the most important of such conditions.


Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Minimal Inhibitory Concentration Mycobacterium Avium Mycobacterium Avium Complex Mycolic Acid 
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© Springer-Verlag Italia 2003

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  • Enrico Tortoli

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