Clinical Issues in the Ventricular Synchronization Therapy of Heart Failure

  • C. Borasteros
Conference paper


Population ageing, the high prevalence of hypertension, obesity and diabetes and especially the very high incidence of ischaemic heart disease, make advanced chronic heart failure (HF) an epidemic and extremely serious public health problem in the developed world. Spain, a country with a relatively low incidence of ischaemic heart disease, has about 40,000 new cases of myocardial infarction annually.


Dilate Cardiomyopathy Functional Class Ischaemic Heart Disease Leave Bundle Branch Block Minute Walk Test 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Borasteros
    • 1
  1. 1.Service of CardiologySACYLAvilaSpain

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