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What Have We Learned from Cardiac Resynchronization Trials?

  • F. Zanon
  • E. Baracca
  • C. Bilato
  • S. Aggio
  • P. Zonzin
Conference paper

Abstract

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a very frequent cardiovascular disease. Because of the large size of the affected population and the socioeconomic consequences, the management of chronic CHF is of great interest in clinical practice. Available therapeutic strategies based on medical therapy have evolved remarkably in recent years. Despite optimal medical management, however, many patients remain severely limited in their daily activities and only a minority of these subjects can receive cardiac transplantation. Currently there are no other verified treatments besides these medical and surgical alternatives.

Keywords

Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Severe Heart Failure Biventricular Pace Chronic Congestive Heart Failure Left Ventricular Pace 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Zanon
    • 1
  • E. Baracca
    • 1
  • C. Bilato
    • 1
  • S. Aggio
    • 1
  • P. Zonzin
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of CardiologyGeneral HospitalRovigoItaly

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