The Electrophysiological Aspect

  • E. Bertaglia
Conference paper


Since the beginning of the 1980s, electrophysiologists have increased their role in the treatment of patients with left ventricular dysfunction: initially, with the introduction of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) to prevent sudden cardiac death [ 1], more recently, with the wide application of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) to treat patients with heart failure and ventricular conduction delay [ 2,3]. Several randomized trials have demonstrated that biventricular (BIV) pacing in conjunction with drug therapy increases cardiac performance, improves quality of life, improves functional capacity, and reduces the hospitalization rate for heart failure (Table 1) [4-8].


Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Biventricular Pace Heart Failure Population Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Defibrillator Complete Left Bundle Branch Block 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Bertaglia
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of CardiologyOspedale CivileMiranoItaly

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