Organizational and Economic Aspects of the Management of Congestive Heart Failure

  • R. F. E. Pedretti
Conference paper


Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a major public health problem; in the United States nearly 5 million patients are affected by CHF, and nearly 500,000 patients are diagnosed with CHF for the first time each year [1]. This disorder is the underlying reason for a million office visits and hospital days each year; moreover, nearly 300,000 patients die of CHF as a primary or contributory cause each year, and the number of deaths has increased steadily despite advances in treatment [1].


Heart Failure Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Congestive Heart Failure Congestive Heart Failure Patient Heart Failure Clinic 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. F. E. Pedretti
    • 1
  1. 1.Divisione di CardiologiaIRCCS Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri, Istituto Scientifico di TradateItaly

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