Organizational and Economic Aspects of the Management of Congestive Heart Failure

  • R. F. E. Pedretti
Conference paper


Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a major public health problem; in the United States nearly 5 million patients are affected by CHF, and nearly 500,000 patients are diagnosed with CHF for the first time each year [1]. This disorder is the underlying reason for a million office visits and hospital days each year; moreover, nearly 300,000 patients die of CHF as a primary or contributory cause each year, and the number of deaths has increased steadily despite advances in treatment [1].


Heart Failure Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Congestive Heart Failure Congestive Heart Failure Patient Heart Failure Clinic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Hunt Sa, Baker DW, Chin MH, Cinquegrani MP et al (2001) ACC/AHA Guidelines for the evaluation and management of chronic heart failure in the adult. Circulation 104:2996–3007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Grady KL, Dracup K, Kennedy G et al (2000) Team management of patients with heart failure. A statement for healthcare professionals from the Cardiovascular Nursing Council of the American Heart Association. Circulation 102:2433–2456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Serxner S, Miyaii M, Jeffords J (1998) Congestive heart failure disease management: a patient education intervention. Congestive Heart Failure 4:23–28Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Friedmann MM (1997) Older adults’ symptoms and their duration before hospitalization for heart failure. Heart Lung 26:169–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Francio G (1998) Approach to the patient with severe heart failure. In: Rose E, Stevenson L (eds.) Management of end-stage heart disease. Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia pp 39–52Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Weinberger et alGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. F. E. Pedretti
    • 1
  1. 1.Divisione di CardiologiaIRCCS Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri, Istituto Scientifico di TradateItaly

Personalised recommendations