Airway Obstruction in Children
The radiologist plays a key role in the diagnosis of airway obstruction in children. In some instances, foetal imaging has significantly contributed to our understanding of congenital lesions, their natural history, and the effects of airway obstruction. In infants and young children, diagnosis, and obstruction site and severity are frequently determined by chest radiographs or airway images. Advanced imaging techniques with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) play a role in children with chronic upper airway compromise or who are suspected of having extrinsic airway compression by a mass or vascular arch anomaly. Technical advances with faster scanners with gating utilising CT and MR with sophisticated postprocessing graphic workstations has made it much easier for both the radiologists and clinical services to understand the anatomy.
KeywordsObstructive Sleep Apnoea Left Pulmonary Artery Innominate Artery Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome Bronchogenic Cyst
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