Pathophysiology of Ligament Injuries

  • A. Cereatti
  • F. R. Ripani
  • F. Margheritini


Ligaments are specialized connective tissues whose biomechanical properties allow them to adapt to and carry out the complex functions required of the body. While ligaments were once thought to be inert, it is now recognized that they are in fact responsive to many local and systemic factors which influence their performance within the organism. Injury to a ligament results in a drastic change in its structure and physiology and may resolve by the formation of scar tissue, which is biologically and biomechanically inferior to the ligament it replaces. This article briefly reviews the basic structure, physiology, and function of normal as well injured ligaments.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Medial Collateral Ligament Ligament Injury Ligamentous Laxity Ligament Length 
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© Springer-Verlag Italia 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Cereatti
  • F. R. Ripani
  • F. Margheritini

There are no affiliations available

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