Ankle Injuries

  • D. E. Bonasia
  • A. Amendola


Ankle sprains are among the most common injuries encountered in sports, with an important financial impact on professional sports clubs. While the majority of these injuries respond well to conservative management, acute ankle sprains are frequently associated with chronic conditions that persist beyond the expected recovery period. The most common causes of disability following chronic ankle sprains, in addition to the excessive laxity, are: intra-articular pathologies (chondral lesions, loose bodies, ossicles, synovitis, and arthrosis), impingement lesions (soft-tissue and bony), and instabilities other than lateral (subtalar, syndesmotic, and medial). When dealing with athletes, it is important not to under-treat acute sprains or chronic associated symptoms and to always consider in the decision-making process whether the athlete is in active competition or in the off season.


Ankle Sprain Lateral Ankle Flexor Hallucis Longus Chronic Ankle Instability Ankle Arthroscopy 
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© Springer-Verlag Italia 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. E. Bonasia
  • A. Amendola

There are no affiliations available

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