Shoulder Instability

  • F. Castoldi
  • D. Blonna
  • M. Cravino
  • M. Assom


Glenohumeral instability accounts for a significant proportion of shoulder diseases and depends on osseous and ligamentous deficiencies. Many different classifications have been proposed for glenohumeral joint instability, based on direction, etiology, degree of instability, number of episodes, or a combination of any of these features. The treatment of choice should depend on the results of a careful physical examination and a complete imaging study and includes both rehabilitative and surgical programs. This chapter focuses on the different types of instability, anterior, posterior, multidirectional, and minor, and evaluates their etiologies, pathological findings, and appropriate treatment.


Rotator Cuff Humeral Head Shoulder Instability Rotator Interval Glenohumeral Ligament 
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© Springer-Verlag Italia 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Castoldi
  • D. Blonna
  • M. Cravino
  • M. Assom

There are no affiliations available

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