Imaging of Regional Injuries: The Axial Skeleton — the Skull, Vertebral Column, and Thoracic Cage

  • C. Fonda
  • M. Mortilla
  • C. Cesarini
  • M. Basile


In contrast to head injuries in adults, there are three distinct causes of skull and brain trauma in children: birth trauma, accidental trauma, and non-accidental trauma. Accidental trauma includes impact injuries in children and adolescents. Static forces slowly applied to the head can produce skull fractures, contusions, and lacerations. Falls from low heights can cause linear fractures (2–3%) and are rarely accompanied by intracranial lesions. More serious consequences are the result of high-energy-impact injuries, which often involve multiple trauma whereby severe skull and brain injuries form a part of the clinical presentation (19%), often proving fatal or causing severe disability.


Cervical Spine Vertebral Body Facet Joint Vertebral Column Axial Skeleton 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Fonda
    • 1
  • M. Mortilla
  • C. Cesarini
  • M. Basile
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric RadiologyChildren’s Hospital MeyerFlorenceItaly

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