Advertisement

The Battered Child: Guidelines and Medical-legal Implications

  • M. Solarino
  • B. Solarino

Abstract

Child abuse is a topical issue in modern society and has social and medical implications that directly concern the doctor, both as a private citizen and as a health professional.

Keywords

Child Abuse Penal Code Skeletal Survey Shake Baby Syndrome Battered Child 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    World Health Organization (2002) World report on violence and health. World Health Organization, Geneva.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Caffey J (1946) Multiple fractures in the long bones of infants suffering from chronic subdural hematoma. AJR Am J Roentgenol 56:163–173.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kempe CH, Silverman FN, Steele BF et al (1962) The battered-child syndrome. JAMA 181:17–24.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Caffey J (1972) The parent—infant traumatic stress syndrome (battered baby syndrome). AJR Am J Roentgenol 114:217–225.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Silverman F (1972) Unrecognized trauma in infants, the battered child syndrome. Radiology 104:337–339.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Loder RT, Bookout C (1991) Fracture patterns in battered children. J Orthop Trauma; 5:428–433.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kleinman PK, Marks SC (1995) Relationship of the subperiosteal bone collar to metaphyseal lesions in abused infants. J Bone Joint Surg Am 77:1471–1476.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Strouse PJ, Owings CL (1995) Fractures of the first rib in child abuse. Radiology 197:763–765PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mandelstam SA, Cook D, Fitzgerald M, Ditchfield MR (2003) Complementary use of radiological skeletal survey and bone scintigraphy in detection of bony injuries in suspected child abuse. Arch Dis Child 88:387–390.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tung GA, Kumar M, Richardson RC, Jenny C, Brown WD (2006) Comparison of accidental and nonaccidental traumatic head injury in children on noncontrast computed tomography. Pediatrics 118:626–633.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Slovis TL, Smith WL, Strain JD et al (2005) Expert panel on pediatric imaging. Suspected physical child-abuse. American College of Radiology (ACR), Reston (VA).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bristish Society of Paediatric Radiology. Standard for skeletal surveys in suspected non-accidental injury (NAI) in children. http://www.bspr.org.uk/nai.htm (accessed 19 January 2010).
  13. 13.
    American Academy of Paediatrics (2000) Section on radiology: diagnostic imaging of child abuse. Pediatrics 105:1345–1348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Suggested Readings

  1. Akduman EI, Launis GD, Luisiri A (2005) Skeletal and visceral radiological imaging. In: Giardino AP, Alexander R (eds) Maltreatment: a clinical guide and reference, 3 edn. GW Medical Publishing, St Louis, pp 13–36.Google Scholar
  2. Case ME, Graham MA, Handy TC et al (2001) National Association of Medical Examiners ad hoc Committee on Shaken Baby Syndrome: position paper on fatal abusive head injuries in infants and young children. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 22:112–122.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Drvaric DM, Morrell SM, Wyly JB et al (1992) Fracture patterns in the battered child syndrome. J South Orthop Assoc 1:20–25.Google Scholar
  4. Introna F (2005) Gli obblighi giuridici del pediatra di fronte al bambino maltrattato, al minore abusato, all’incesto e altro. Zacchia 78:1–20.Google Scholar
  5. Kleinman PK, Marks SC, Blackbourne B (1986) The metaphyseal lesion in abused infants: a radiologic-histopathologic study. AJR Am J Roentgenol 146:895–905.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Kleinman PK, Marks SC Jr, Nimkin K et al (1996) Rib fractures in 31 abused infants: postmortem radiologic-histopathologic study. Radiology 200:807–810.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Macchiarelli L, Albarello P, Di Luca NM, Feola T (2005) Medicina legale. Minerva Medica, Torino, pp 1215–1219.Google Scholar
  8. Tenenbein M, Reed MH, Black GB (1990) The toddler’s fracture revisited. Am J Emerg Med 8:208–214.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Solarino
    • 1
  • B. Solarino
  1. 1.Section of Radiology“Fallacara” HospitalTriggiano - BariItaly

Personalised recommendations