Major Traumatic Bone and Joint Injuries: Overview
During childhood and adolescence, urgent osteo-articular traumatic pathology is a frequent occurrence, and constitutes one of the main causes of demand for medical care in the emergency department of a pediatric hospital (more than 15–20% of all visits). Injuries caused by skeletal trauma during childhood occur more than in adulthood, although in most cases the extent of anatomical damage is modest. Males are affected more often than females. In almost 50% of cases trauma is due to a fall and, in these cases, elbow and wrist fractures are the most common injuries. Carpal fractures, however, are uncommon lesions in children and, when present, almost always involve the scaphoid.
KeywordsJoint Injury Immature Skeleton Incomplete Fracture Ossification Nucleus Physeal Plate
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Andrish JT (1990) Upper extremity injuries in the skeletally immature athlete. In: Nichols JA, Hershmarm E (eds) The upper extremity in sports medicine. CV Mosby, St. Louis, pp 673–688Google Scholar
- Ogden JA (2000) Skeletal injury in the child. Springer-Verlag, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Ogden JA, Ganey TM, Ogden DA (1996) The biological aspects of children’s fractures. In: Rockwood CA, Wilkins KE, Beaty JH (eds) Fractures in children, 4th edition. Lippincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia, pp 19–52Google Scholar
- Ozonoff MD (1991) Pediatric orthopaedic radiology, 2nd edition. WB Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
- Rang M (1983) Children’s fractures. J.B. Lippincott Company, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
- Salter RB, Harris WR (1963) Injuries involving the epiphyseal plate. J Bone Joint Surg 45:587–622Google Scholar
- Stevens MA, EI-Khoury GY, Kathol MH et al (1999) Imaging features of avulsion injuries. Radio Graphics 19:655–672Google Scholar
- Thornton A, Gyll A (1999) Children’s fractures. A radiological guide to safe practice. WB Saunders Publishers, London, UKGoogle Scholar
- Von Laer Lutz (2001) Pediatric fractures and dislocation, 4th edition. Georg Thieme-Verlag, GermanyGoogle Scholar
- Wilkins KE (1996) The incidence of fractures in children. In: Rockwood CA, Wilkins KE, Beaty JH (eds) Fractures in children, 4th edition. Lippincott-Raven Publishers, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar