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Benign Diseases of the Female Genital Tract

  • Caroline Reinhold
  • Rahel A. Kubik-Huch

Abstract

Endovaginal sonography (EVS) remains the procedure of choice for the initial evaluation of benign diseases of the female genital tract. When EVS findings are indeterminate, further evaluation is typically performed with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), due to its excellent softtissue differentiation, multiplanar capabilities, and absence of ionizing radiation. MRI is thus well suited for imaging women of reproductive age, particularly during pregnancy. Accordingly, the technique has come to play an increasing role in pelvimetry and, more recently, as an adjunct to sonography for fetal imaging. MRI is used in the pre-operative characterization of adnexal masses and as a problem-solving tool in benign uterine disease (for example, uterine malformations), adenomyosis, and to select appropriate candidates for therapies such as myo — mectomy and uterine embolization. The role of computed tomography (CT) is limited in the evaluation of benign disease of the female pelvis and is usually employed in an emergency situation, such as in an acute abdomen caused by ovarian torsion or pelvic inflammatory disease.

Keywords

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Adnexal Mass Endometrial Polyp Mature Cystic Teratoma Intermediate Signal Intensity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag Italia 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caroline Reinhold
    • 1
  • Rahel A. Kubik-Huch
    • 2
  1. 1.McGill University Health CenterMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Institute of Radiology, Department of Medical ServicesKantonsspital BadenBadenSwitzerland

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