Emergency Radiology of the Abdomen: The Acute Abdomen

  • Jean-Michel Bruel
  • Borut Marincek
  • Jay P. Heiken


The term “acute abdomen” defines a clinical syndrome characterized by a history of hitherto undiagnosed abdominal pain lasting less than one week. A large range of disorders, from benign, self-limited diseases to conditions that require immediate surgery, can cause acute abdominal pain. Eight conditions account for over 90% of patients who are referred to the hospital and who are seen on surgical wards with acute abdominal pain: acute appendicitis, acute cholecystitis, small bowel obstruction (SBO), urinary colic, perforated peptic ulcer, acute pancreatitis, acute diverticular disease, and non-specific, non-surgical abdominal pain (dyspepsia, constipation).


Acute Pancreatitis Small Bowel Obstruction Acute Cholecystitis Ectopic Pregnancy Pelvic Inflammatory Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag Italia 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Michel Bruel
    • 1
  • Borut Marincek
    • 2
  • Jay P. Heiken
    • 3
  1. 1.Medical Imaging DepartmentHôpital Saint-Eloi, CHRU de MontpellierMontpellierFrance
  2. 2.Institute of Diagnostic RadiologyUniversity HospitalZurichSwitzerland
  3. 3.Mallinckrodt Institute of RadiologyWashington University School of MedicineSt. LouisUSA

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