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Preventing Infection Using Selective Decontamination of the Digestive Tract

  • L. Silvestri
  • H. K. F. van Saene
  • D. F. Zandstra
Chapter

Abstract

Selective decontamination of the digestive tract is an antimicrobial prophylaxis designed to prevent or minimize endogenous and exogenous infections in critically ill patients. The purpose of SDD is to prevent—or eradicate if initially present—the oropharyngeal and intestinal abnormal carrier state of potentially pathogenic microorganisms, mainly aerobic Gram-negative microorganisms, but also methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), and yeasts, leaving the indigenous flora predominately undisturbed.

Keywords

Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome Mortality Rate Reduction Rectal Swab Selective Decontamination Aerobic Gram Negative Bacillus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Silvestri
    • 1
  • H. K. F. van Saene
    • 2
  • D. F. Zandstra
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Emergency, Unit of Anesthesia and Intensive CarePresidio Ospedaliero di GoriziaGoriziaItaly
  2. 2.Institute for Ageing and Chronic DiseaseUniversity of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK
  3. 3.Intensive Care UnitOnze Lieve Vrouwe GasthuisAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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