Advertisement

Invited Commentary

  • Clive I. Bartram

Abstract

Surgery for fecal incontinence started with the Parks’ postanal repair and has now diversified into a variety of measures to improve anorectal function. However, two questions for imaging to answer remain: is the sphincter intact and what is the quality of the sphincteric muscle?

Keywords

Fecal Incontinence External Anal Sphincter Internal Sphincter Anorectal Function Endoanal Ultrasound 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Vaizey CJ, Kamm MA, Gold DM et al. Clinical, physiological, and radiological study of a new purpose-designed artificial bowel sphincter. Lancet 1998;352:105–109.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Williams AB, Bartram CI, Modhwadia D et al. Endocoil magnetic resonance imaging quantification of external anal sphincter atrophy. Br J Surg 2001;88:853–859.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clive I. Bartram
    • 1
  1. 1.Diagnostic ImagingPrincess Grace HospitalLondonUK

Personalised recommendations