Visual and Oculomotor Disorders

  • Andrea Guzzetta
  • Francesca Tinelli
  • Ada Bancale
  • Giovanni Cioni


Consensus has been reached on the concept that infantile cerebral palsy (CP) is a complex disorder which is limited neither to motor disability nor to the simple association between motor disability and possible disorders of other functions. Conversely, as extensively shown in this book, CP is currently considered as the result of the interaction between the different residual motor, sensorial, perceptive, or cognitive abilities or functions and their adaptative transformation grounded on evolution, that is to say a “continuously evolving disability of an individual who is continuously evolving”. The issue of visual-perceptive development (and of its disorders) in CP must be viewed within this frame-work, also considering the central role it plays in the child’s neuromotor, cognitive, and affective development, becoming the first tool for the interaction with the surrounding world.


Visual Acuity Cerebral Palsy Visual Function Visual Evoke Potential Periventricular Leukomalacia 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Guzzetta
    • 1
  • Francesca Tinelli
    • 1
  • Ada Bancale
    • 1
  • Giovanni Cioni
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Developmental NeuroscienceStella Maris Scientific InstitutePisa
  2. 2.Division of Child Neurology and PsychiatryUniversity of PisaPisa

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