• A. Gullo
  • P. Murabito
  • J. Besso


Medicine is more than the sum of our knowledge about disease. Medicine concerns the experiences, feelings, and interpretation of human beings in often-extraordinary moments of fear, pain, anxiety, and doubt. In this extremely vulnerable position, it is medical professionalism that underpins the trust the public has in doctors. Efforts to build professionalism must be based on a sharing of values over the long term. The career stage of learners must guide teaching efforts. Teachers must offer a clear cognitive base and discuss how learners interpret this in their actions and those of others. Role modeling is essential and empowers young physicians to participate in building the environment, expectations, and rewards which foster professionalism. A more appropriate reflection and several medical education initiatives have stressed the linkage between professionalism (profession, professional) and competence.


Medical Professionalism Intensive Care Medicine Professional Competence Professional Responsibility Clinical Governance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Gullo
    • 1
  • P. Murabito
    • 1
  • J. Besso
    • 2
  1. 1.Department and School of Anesthesia and Intensive CareCatania University-HospitalCataniaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Critical Care MedicineHospital Centro Medico de CaracasCaracasVenezuela

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