From Surveillance to Prevention

  • M. Palomar Martínez
  • F. Alvarez Lerma


Healthcare-associated infections (HCAI) are preventable errors. In 1999 the Institute of Medicine (IOM) released its landmark report “To err is human.” IOM estimated that as many as 100,000 patients died from medical errors in the USA, with a cost of over $50 billion/year [1]. The improvement of the quality of healthcare is a major concern for intensive care professionals because patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) are thought to be particularly at risk for errors due to the complexity of the patients, interdependence of the practitioners, and dependence on team functioning. Ensuring patients’ safety during their hospital stay requires mechanisms to determine the incidence of adverse effects. Published reports estimate that 1.7 errors per patient per day occur in the ICU and 148,000 life-threatening errors would occur annually in teaching hospital ICUs in the USA [2].


National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Infect Control Hosp Hosp Infect Catheter Related Blood Stream Infection Ventilator Bundle 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Palomar Martínez
    • 1
  • F. Alvarez Lerma
    • 2
  1. 1.Servicio de Medicina IntensivaHospital Vall d’HebrónBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Servicio de Medicina IntensivaHospital del MarBarcelonaSpain

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