Neonatology pp 509-521 | Cite as

Continuous Positive Airways Pressure and other Non-Invasive Ventilation Techniques

  • Fabrizio Sandri
  • Gina Ancora


Continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) is a method of assisted respiration that consists of the application of continuous positive pressure to a spontaneously breathing patient’s airways throughout the entire respiratory cycle. The first use of a CPAP was in the 1930s [1, 2, 3], but its first notable application in the neonatal field was in 1971 when CPAP was used in the treatment of RDS (respiratory distress syndrome) in spontaneously-breathing newborns undergoing tracheal intubation [4].


Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Functional Residual Capacity Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Meconium Aspiration Syndrome VLBW Infant 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabrizio Sandri
    • 1
  • Gina Ancora
  1. 1.Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care UnitOspedale MaggioreBolognaItaly

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