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Neonatology pp 509-521 | Cite as

Continuous Positive Airways Pressure and other Non-Invasive Ventilation Techniques

  • Fabrizio Sandri
  • Gina Ancora

Abstract

Continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) is a method of assisted respiration that consists of the application of continuous positive pressure to a spontaneously breathing patient’s airways throughout the entire respiratory cycle. The first use of a CPAP was in the 1930s [1, 2, 3], but its first notable application in the neonatal field was in 1971 when CPAP was used in the treatment of RDS (respiratory distress syndrome) in spontaneously-breathing newborns undergoing tracheal intubation [4].

Keywords

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Functional Residual Capacity Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Meconium Aspiration Syndrome VLBW Infant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabrizio Sandri
    • 1
  • Gina Ancora
  1. 1.Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care UnitOspedale MaggioreBolognaItaly

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