Neonatology pp 122-129 | Cite as

Follow-up Outcomes of High Risk Infants

  • Maureen Hack
  • Deanne Wilson-Costello


Advances in obstetric and neonatal care following the introduction of methods of neonatal intensive care in the 1960s resulted in a progressive improvement in the survival of high-risk neonates until the mid to late 1990s [1]. However, the survival of acutely ill preterm infants who previously would have died together with iatrogenic factors, such as the use of postnatal steroids, resulted in an increase in neurodevelopomental impairments during the 1990s [2]. Since 2000, the rates of mortality of preterm infants have remained fairly stable and there has been an encouraging decrease in the rates of cerebral palsy. This has contributed to an overall decrease in neurodevelopmental impairments, especially for extremely preterm infants (Fig. 18.1) [3, 4, 5].


Cerebral Palsy Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Normal Birth Weight Gross Motor Function Classification System Preterm Child 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maureen Hack
    • 1
  • Deanne Wilson-Costello
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Rainbow Babies and Children’s HospitalUniversity Hospitals of Cleveland Case Medical Center, Case Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA

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