Neonatology pp 905-930 | Cite as

Neonatal Bacterial and Fungal Infections

  • Mauro Stronati
  • Alessandro Borghesi


Neonatal infection is the invasion of tissue by an infective organism. This may be considered early-onset when occurring during the first 72 hours of life (very early-onset if starting during the first 12 hours), and late-onset when occurring after the first 72 hours. Infections represent a major cause of mortality and morbidity in the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), where reported incidences range from 6% to 33% [1], and up to 40% in neonates born before 28 weeks’ gestational age or with birth weight < 1000 g (extremely low birth weight, ELBW) [2]. Septicemia accounts for 45–55% of all infections, followed by lower respiratory tract infections (16– 30%) and urinary tract infections (UTIs, 8–18%) [1, 3].


Central Venous Catheter Hand Hygiene Meconium Aspiration Syndrome Late Onset Sepsis Staphylococcal Scald Skin Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mauro Stronati
    • 1
  • Alessandro Borghesi
  1. 1.Neonatal Intensive Care UnitFondazione IRCCS Policlinico San MatteoPaviaItaly

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