Inflammatory Disorders of the Spine

  • Iain McCall


Inflammation in the spine may affect the ligaments, intervertebral disc, and synovial joints and result in osteitis of adjacent bone. The inflammation may subsequently cause mineralization and ossification of the ligaments and destruction of the joints, which in some conditions may also result in fusion. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriatic arthritis, non-specific spondylitis, and enteropathic spondylitis are inflammatory spondyloarthropathies that primarily affect the ligaments. Rheumatoid arthritis primarily affects the synovium. Rare disorders that primarily affect bone include SAPHO syndrome and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis; although these are also inflammatory disorders, they will not be considered in this review.


Ankylose Spondyli Psoriatic Arthritis Sacroiliac Joint Reactive Arthritis Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iain McCall
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostics RadiologyThe Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic and District Hospital NHS TrustOswestryUK

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