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Clinical Approach

  • Alessandro Antonelli
  • Alberto Cozzoli
  • Claudio Simeone
  • Sergio Cosciani Cunico

Abstract

Urolithiasis is a disease known to mankind since antiquity. In fact lithotomy, i.e. the surgical removal of bladder calculi, is the oldest surgical operation and was practiced by the ancient Egyptians. The prevalence of the condition is still high today, affecting around 10% of the population. Unlike in developing countries, where urinary bladder calculi are the main presentation, in Western countries the upper urinary tract is more commonly involved. Stones located in the bladder are almost always associated with bladder outlet obstruction and only in anecdotal cases with the presence of foreign bodies such as nonabsorbable sutures.

Keywords

Urinary System Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alessandro Antonelli
    • 1
  • Alberto Cozzoli
    • 1
  • Claudio Simeone
    • 1
  • Sergio Cosciani Cunico
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity of Brescia A. O. Spedali CiviliBresciaItaly

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