Female Reproductive System: Normal Radiologic Anatomy

  • Lucio Olivetti
  • Luigi Grazioli
  • Gian Carlo Mazza


Hysterosalpingography is the reference radiologic technique for evaluation of the patency of the uterine tubes. It also enables morphologic study of the uterine cavity. It is generally performed as an outpatient procedure with no need for special preparation by the patient. Indications for the examination include infertility and recurrent miscarriage, fistulae of the genital system, congenital uterine anomalies (unicornuate, bicornuate, septate, didelphic, hypoplastic uterus), acquired uterine anomalies (submucous myomas, endometrial polyps, intracavitary synechia) and suspected alterations of the uterine tubes (proximal or distal occlusions, tuberculosis, peritubal adherences). Contraindications include metrorrhagia, acute and subacute inflammation of the pelvic cavity, allergies to contrast media, and of course pregnancy.


Uterine Tube Uterine Artery Uterine Cervix Female Reproductive System Uterine Body 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucio Olivetti
    • 1
  • Luigi Grazioli
    • 2
  • Gian Carlo Mazza
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic ImagingIstituti Ospitalieri di CremonaCremonaItaly
  2. 2.First Department of RadiologyA. O. Spedali CiviliBresciaItaly
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyIstituti Ospitalieri di CremonaCremonaItaly

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