The main aims of imaging in the follow-up of patients treated for malignancies of the reproductive system (uterine cervix, endometrium, ovary or vulva) are evaluation of the effectiveness of the therapy itself and early recognition of the onset of tumor recurrence. Around 30% of patients with cervical cancer die due to persistence or recurrence of disease within the first two years of treatment. In carcinoma of the endometrium a varying percentage between 3% and 15% of patients with low risk (stage IA/IB) and between 20% and 45% with high risk (stage IC or above) develop a recurrence after treatment. In approximately 2/3 of ovarian cancers extrapelvic implants are present at the time of staging with a consequent elevated risk of recurrence.
KeywordsOvarian Cancer Cervical Cancer Recurrent Ovarian Cancer Female Reproductive System Part VIII
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