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Urinary System: Normal Radiologic Anatomy

  • Lucio Olivetti
  • Luigi Grazioli
  • Giuseppe Voltini
Chapter
  • 1.3k Downloads

Abstract

Under normal conditions plain film radiography of the urinary system only provides information regarding the level of the kidney areas, since the perirenal fat, particularly in obese subjects, provides natural contrast to the kidneys. The examination can determine the site, dimensions, shape and contours, parameters which are susceptible to slight interindividual variation.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucio Olivetti
    • 1
  • Luigi Grazioli
    • 2
  • Giuseppe Voltini
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic ImagingIstituti Ospitalieri di CremonaCremonaItaly
  2. 2.First Department of RadiologyA. O. Spedali CiviliBresciaItaly

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