Midfacial Translocation Approach

  • Julio Acero-Sanz
  • Carlos Navarro-Vila


The skull base is an anatomic region that separates the facial viscerocranium from the neurocranium. Pathological processes affecting this region can arise within the skull base or extend there by direct growth from neighboring territories. Metastases of distant origin can also affect this area. Pathological entities affecting the skull basis may include dysplasia, benign or malignant tumors, congenital deformities or inflammatory processes [1]. Operative treatment of these pathological processes is a challenging issue, since the cranial base and related regions are a complex anatomical area with structures that are critical for life and important functions. As has been discussed in other chapters of this book, during the last two decades advances in anesthesia, imaging techniques, surgical technology and reconstructive procedures including rigid fixation, bone grafting and microvascular techniques, have made possible the surgical treatment of many entities affecting this region. Development of different surgical approaches to the skull base including midfacial translocation has been essential to allow adequate access to this territory.


Skull Base Infratemporal Fossa Anterior Skull Base Infraorbital Nerve Skull Base Surgery 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julio Acero-Sanz
    • 1
  • Carlos Navarro-Vila
    • 1
  1. 1.Complutense University and Dept of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryG. Marañon University HospitalMadridSpain

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