Transoral Approaches

  • Francesco S. De Ponte
  • Evaristo Belli


The anatomical structures that should be taken into consideration when referring to the transoral approaches are: the clivus, the foramen magnum, the occipital bone, the atlas, the axis and the joints between some of these structures [1, 2].


Soft Palate Hard Palate Occipital Bone Odontoid Process Transoral Approach 
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© Springer-Verlag Italia 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco S. De Ponte
    • 1
  • Evaristo Belli
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Maxillofacial SurgeryUniversity Hospital G. Martino of MessinaItaly
  2. 2.Maxillofacial Department, Sant’Andrea Hospital“Sapienza” University of RomeItaly

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