Transsphenoidal Approaches: Endoscopic

  • Paolo Cappabianca
  • Luigi M. Cavallo
  • Isabella Esposito
  • Manfred Tschabitscher


The endonasal transsphenoidal route has become a mainstay of contemporary neurosurgical practice for pituitary lesions and is used for more than 95% of surgical indications in the sellar area. Lesions located in this area represent nearly 20% of surgically treated primary brain tumors; benign tumors of the pituitary constitute the majority of sellar lesions. Advances in surgical technology, and the use of the endoscope above all, have played a central role in the recent evolution of transsphenoidal surgery [1, 2, 3, 4].


Internal Carotid Artery Cavernous Sinus Sphenoid Sinus Middle Turbinate Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paolo Cappabianca
    • 1
  • Luigi M. Cavallo
    • 1
  • Isabella Esposito
    • 1
  • Manfred Tschabitscher
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Neurological Sciences, Division of NeurosurgeryUniversità degli Studi di Napoli Federico IINaplesItaly
  2. 2.Institute ofAnatomy and Cell BiologyMedical University of ViennaAustria

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