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Coronary Pathophysiology

  • Massimo Fioranelli
  • Chiara Lanzillo
  • Francesco Peverini

Abstract

The heart consumes more energy than any other organ. It cycles about 6 kg of ATP every day, which is 20–30 times its own weight. To acquire the energy necessary to carry out cardiac functions, the heart converts chemical energy stored in fatty acids and glucose into mechanical energy, in the form of actinmyosin myofibrillar interactions. The main contributors to ATP synthesis are fatty acids (70%), through β-oxidation, and glucose (30–40%), through aerobic glycolysis.

Keywords

Coronary Flow Fractional Flow Reserve Coronary Flow Reserve Coronary Blood Flow Coronary Stenosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Massimo Fioranelli
    • 1
  • Chiara Lanzillo
    • 2
  • Francesco Peverini
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Cardiology “Mater Dei” HospitalGuglielmo Marconi UniversityRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Cardiology“Mater Dei” HospitalRomeItaly
  3. 3.Department of Internal Medicine“Mater Dei” HospitalRomeItaly

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