Current Strategies in Cardiac Surgery
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a surgical procedure used to divert blood around narrow or clogged arteries. It is more effective than medical management in relieving symptoms such as angina, dyspnea, and fatigue. The 2004 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) CABG guidelines state that CABG is the preferred treatment for disease of the left main coronary artery and disease of all three coronary vessels (left anterior descending artery, left circumflex artery, right coronary artery). CABG is also advocated for other high-risk patients, including those with severe ventricular dysfunction (i.e., low ejection fraction) or diabetes mellitus.
KeywordsCoronary Artery Bypass Grafting Cardiopulmonary Bypass Left Anterior Descend Right Coronary Artery Left Coronary Artery
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