Advertisement

Idrocefalo

  • Sandro Lodrini
  • Laura Valentini
Chapter
  • 666 Downloads

Riassunto

Si definisce “idrocefalo” (dal greco hydōr = acqua e kephalē= testa) l’aumento del volume dei ventricoli cerebrali e/o degli spazi subaracnoidei. Può essere provocato dalla riduzione della massa cerebrale, a sua volta conseguente ad anomalie congenite o a malattie degenerative, o essere dovuto a eccessivo volume liquorale. Solo quest’ultima condizione patologica è suscettibile di trattamento.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliografia

  1. 1.
    Cutler RW, Page L, Galicich J. Formation and absorption of CSF in man. Brain 1968; 93:707–720.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rekate HL. Biophysics of cerebrospinal fluid and shunts. Techniques in Neurosurgery 2002; 7 (3):186–196.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    El Shafey IL, El Shafey HI. The retrograde ventriculosinus shunt. Child Nerv Syst 1997; 17: 457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Piatt JH. Insertion of venriculoperitoneal and ventriculovenous CSF shunts. Techniques in Neurosurgery 2002; 7 (3):197–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Weprin BE, Swift DM. Complication of ventricular shunts. Tecniques in Neurosurgery 2002; 7 (3): 224–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Choux M, Genitori L, Lang D. Shunt implantation: reducing the incidence of shunt infections. J Neurosurg 1992; 77:875–880.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rekate HL et al. Classification of slit-ventricles syndromes using ICP monitoring. Pediatr Neurosurg 1993; 17: 304–309.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Moss SD. Shunting techniques:lumboperitoneal shunts. Techniques in Neurosurgery 2002; 7 (3):216–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gangemi M et al. Endoscopic third ventriculoscopy for hydrocephalus. Minim Invas Nerosurgery 1999; 4:128–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jones RF Stening WA, Brydon M. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy. Neurosurgery 1990; 26: 86–91.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Loh JH. Endoscopic third ventriculoscopy in the managementof hydrocephalus caused by aqueductal stenosis. J Neurol Sci 2000; 16:510–516.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ferrer E et al. Neuroendoscopic management of pineal region tumors. Acta Neurochir 1997; 139:12–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Saint-Rose C et al. Management of hydrocephalus in pediatric patients with posterior fossa tumors: the role of endoscopic third ventriculostomy. J Neurosurg 2001; 95:791–797.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Schroeder HW, Niendorf WL, Gaab MR. Complications of endoscopic third ventriculostomy. J Neurosurg 2002; 96:1032–1040.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hakim S, Adams M. The special clinical problem of symptomatic hydrocephalus with normal CSF pressure. J Neurol Sci 1965; 2:307–327.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Poca MA et al. Agreement between CSF flow dynamics in MRI and ICP monitoring in the diagnosis of NPH. Acta Neurochir 2002; Suppl 81:7–10.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Meier U, Zeilinger FS, Shonherr B. Endoscopic ventriculostomy versus shunt operations in NPH: diagnosis and indications. Acta Neurochir Suppl 2000; 76:563–566.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandro Lodrini
    • 1
  • Laura Valentini
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di NeurochirurgiaFondazione Istituto Neurologico “C. Besta”Milano
  2. 2.Fondazione Istituto Neurologico “C. Besta”Milano

Personalised recommendations