Vinegars from Tropical Africa

  • Ángel González
  • Luc De Vuyst


Vinegar is one of the most ancient fermented beverages consumed by humans (Conner and Allgeier, 1976). In Africa, traces of vinegar were found in vessels of the old Egyptians. Leftovers of vinegar were detectable in vessels from 6000 years before Christ. This Egyptian product was called hequa. It was brewed from barley and, after some time, the wort was acidified. Later, vinegar was found to be a good food preservative and it was also used as a curing drink.


Starter Culture Alcoholic Fermentation Coconut Water Acetic Acid Bacterium Palm Wine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ángel González
  • Luc De Vuyst
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Group of Industrial Microbiology and Food Biotechnology, Department of Applied Biological Sciences and EngineeringVrije Universiteit BrusselPleinlaanBelgium

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