Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Prevention of Pancreatic Cancer

  • Federico Mocchegiani
  • Roberto Ghiselli
  • Michela Cappelletti
  • Vittorio Saba
Part of the Updates in Surgery book series (UPDATESSURG)


Cancer of the pancreas is a neoplasm which occurs infrequently, although cases are increasing and the death rate is very high death. The incidence of this neoplasm in the United States is around 11 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, equating to around 30,000 new cases per year [1, 2]. In Europe, the incidence is around 5.2–8.7 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, with a lot of variations among the different nations [3, 4]. The lowest incidences have been recorded in Africa and in Asia, at 2 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, although over the last 40 years a large increase in the number of cases in Japan has been noticed, with 19,700 new cases per year (15 per 100,000 inhabitants) [2, 5] (Table 13.1). The growing trend appears to be mainly related to two factors: the rise in average age, which is the main risk factor for all the principal gastroenteric neoplasms, and the spread of tobacco-smoking habits.


Pancreatic Cancer Chronic Pancreatitis Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Pancreatic Carcinoma Pancreatic Neoplasm 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Federico Mocchegiani
    • 1
  • Roberto Ghiselli
    • 1
  • Michela Cappelletti
    • 1
  • Vittorio Saba
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Surgery, U. Sestilli HospitalPolytechnic University of MarcheAnconaItaly

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