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Lengthening of Hamstring Tendons in Knee Flexion Contractures

  • Muhammad Tariq Sohail
  • Wazahat Hussain Warraich

Abstract

Contractures of joints are usual sequelae of hemophilic arthropathy. These contractures result from a combination of recurrent hemarthroses which cause fibroblastic proliferation of the capsule, progressive arthropathy, and extraarticular intramuscular bleeding episodes leading to fibrosis. Hypertrophied synovium promotes fibrillation and erosion of articular cartilage. Progressive fibrosis of synovium leads to pain, spasm, and shortening of muscles, resulting in joint contractures and restriction of joint motion [1].

Keywords

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Hamstring Tendon Joint Contracture Flexion Deformity Hypertrophied Synovium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Silva M, Luck JV (2003) Flexion contractures of the knee in haemophilia. In Rodríguez-Merchán EC (eds) The haemophilic joints — New prospectives. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, pp 99–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Atkins RM, Handerson NJ, Duthie RB (1987) Joint contractures in the haemophilia. Clin Orthop 219:97–105PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Heim M, Horoszowki H, Varon D et al (1996) The fixed flexed and subluxed knee in the haemophilic child; what should be done? Haemophilia 2:47–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Heijnen L, de Kleijn P (1999) Physiotherapy for the treatment of articular contractures in haemophilia. Haemophilia 5(Suppl 1):16–19PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Tariq Sohail
    • 1
  • Wazahat Hussain Warraich
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic and Spine Surgery, Services HospitalServices Institute of Medical SciencesLahorePakistan

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