Surgical Anatomy of the Thymus Gland
The thymus is an H-shaped, bilobed gland that sits largely in the anterior mediastinum but extends also into the lower neck. In infancy through adolescence the gland it quite large, filling the entire anterior mediastinum and even bulging the pleurae out laterally into each hemithorax. With increasing age, as its role in maturation of the immune system diminishes, the thymus shrinks dramatically. By age 50, the normal thymus is a diminutive, mostly fatty structure.
KeywordsPhrenic Nerve Anterior Mediastinum Thymic Tissue Innominate Vein Thymus Gland
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Jaretzki III A (1997) Thymectomy for myasthenia gravis: Analysis of the controversias regarding technique and results. Neurology 48(Suppl 5):S52–S63Google Scholar