Necropsy Techniques and Collection of Samples

  • Calogero Terregino


If samples are to be collected for virological examination, several pairs of scissors and forceps should be available, particularly if single-organ virus isolation is to be attempted. By using the same surgical instruments to collect organs from different apparatuses, cross-contamination of samples may occur. This also applies if birds from different species (or different premises) are to be processed during the same session. Operators must comply with biosafety guidelines as indicated in Annex 3.


Avian Influenza Newcastle Disease Swab Sample Cloacal Swab Live Bird 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Calogero Terregino
    • 1
  1. 1.OIE/FAO and National Reference Laboratory for Newcastle, Disease and Avian InfluenzaIstituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle VenezieLegnaro, PadovaItaly

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