Ecology and Epidemiology of Newcastle Disease

  • Dennis J. Alexander


The first outbreaks of the severe disease of poultry known as Newcastle disease (ND) occurred in 1926. in Java, Indonesia (Kraneveld 1926), and in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England (Doyle 1927). The name “Newcastle disease” was coined by Doyle as a temporary measure because he wished to avoid a descriptive name that might be confused with other diseases (Doyle 1935). The name has, however, continued to be used, although when referring to ND virus (NDV), the synonym “avian paramyxovirus type 1” (APMV-1) is now often employed. Sometimes APMV-1 has been used to describe ND strains of low virulence, to avoid terming them ND viruses, as the definitions used by the World Organisation for Animal Health (Alexander 2008) and other international agencies reserve ND for virulent viruses.


Newcastle Disease Virus Wild Bird Newcastle Disease Avian Paramyxovirus Multiple Basic Amino Acid 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dennis J. Alexander
    • 1
  1. 1.OIE/FAO Reference Laboratory for Newcastle Disease and Avian InfluenzaVLAWeybridgeUK

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