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Three-Dimensional Ultrasonography of Pelvic Floor and Anorectal Anatomy

  • F. Sérgio P. Regadas
  • Sthela M. Murad Regadas
  • Rosilma Gorete Lima Barreto

Abstract

Here we discuss precisely the anatomic configuration of the anal canal and the length and thickness of the anal sphincters using 3D anorectal ultrasonography in both genders, demonstrating the anal canal’s asymmetrical configuration. The rectum and all adjacent pelvic organs are shown in multiple anatomic planes.

Keywords

Pelvic Floor Anal Sphincter Anal Canal Anal Fissure External Anal Sphincter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Santoro GA, Fortling B (2006) New technical developments in endoanal and endorectal ultrasonography. In: Santoro GA, Di Falco G, eds. Benign anorectal diseases. Springer-Verlag Italia, p 23Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Regadas FSP, Murad-Regadas SM, Lima DMR et al (2007) Anal canal anatomy showed by three-dimensional anorectal ultrasonography Surg Endoscopy 21(12):2207–2211CrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

  1. 1.
    Bove A, Balzano A, Perotti P et al (2004) Different anal pressure profiles in patients with anal fissure. Tech Coloproctol 8(3):151–156PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shafik A, Sibai OE, Shafid AA (2007) A novel concept for the surgical anatomy of the perineal body. Dis Colon Rectum 50(12):2120–2125PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Sérgio P. Regadas
  • Sthela M. Murad Regadas
  • Rosilma Gorete Lima Barreto
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical School of the FederalUniversity of CearaSão Luis, MaranhãoBrazil

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