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Transoesophageal Echocardiography: Clinical Assessment, Techniques and Procedures in Critical Care and ICU

  • F. Guarracino
  • C. Cariello
Conference paper

Abstract

Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) was introduced into the operating room in the late 1980s as a tool for monitoring the left ventricle (LV) and for supporting the haemodynamic management of patients during general anaesthesia.

Keywords

Right Ventricular Infective Endocarditis Aortic Dissection Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Right Ventricular Dysfunction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Guarracino
    • 1
  • C. Cariello
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cardiothoracic Anaesthesia and Intensive CareAzienda Ospedaliera Universitaria PisanaPisaItaly

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