Depth of Anaesthesia Monitoring in Children

  • N. Disma
  • S. Pellegrino
  • M. Astuto
Conference paper


Monitoring during anaesthesia is crucial for guiding the anaesthetist into anaesthesia and for ensuring that vital parameters are in the safe and physiological range, particularly for haemodynamic and respiratory consequences. What about the ‘depth of anaesthesia’? Vital signs can be modified by a wide range of variables, including drug administration and surgical impact. Similarly, a large number of variables can interfere with the conduction of anaesthesia, such as age, concomitant disease or therapies, physiological parameters and human variability. Several devices for measuring depth of anaesthesia have been recently introduced in clinical practice. Some of these have been tested in adults with promising results. Much more difficult is their application in paediatric patients and the interpretation of data derived from monitoring.


Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Bispectral Index Procedural Sedation Anaesthetic Depth Spectral Entropy 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Disma
    • 1
  • S. Pellegrino
    • 1
  • M. Astuto
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care“Policlinico” University HospitalCataniaItaly

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