Head Injury Treatment in 2007

  • M. G. Abate
  • F. Sala
  • G. Citerio


Head trauma accounts for the majority of trauma deaths [1] with an incidence of 150–300 per 100,000 each year. The variation in its incidence could be partially explained by differences in the criteria used to define traumatic brain injury (TBI) or to identify patients [2]. TBI is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in individuals under the age of 45 in the world [3]. Injuries are the leading cause of death between the ages of 15 and 44 throughout Europe [4]. In Southern Europe, road traffic accidents account for the vast majority of cases, while falls, mainly related to alcohol consumption, are the leading cause of trauma in Northern Europe [5]. In the United States alone, 2–3 million people per year on average sustain a TBI [6].


Traumatic Brain Injury Head Injury Intracranial Hypertension Cerebral Perfusion Pressure Hypertonic Saline 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. G. Abate
    • 1
    • 2
  • F. Sala
    • 1
  • G. Citerio
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Medicina Perioperatoria e Terapie Intensive, H San GerardoUO Neuroanestesia e NeurorianimazioneMonzaItaly
  2. 2.Division of AnaesthesiaUniversity of Cambridge, Addenbrooke’s HospitalCambridgeUK

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