Controlled Mechanical Ventilation in ARDS

  • U. Lucangelo
  • S. Gramaticopolo
  • B. Bacer


Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe form of hypoxaemic respiratory failure that is associated with several critical diseases, such as trauma, inhalation injury, shock and pulmonary and extrapulmonary infections. ARDS has been classified into two forms: primary (caused by an insult in the lung) and secondary (caused by an indirect insult, e.g. sepsis or acute pancreatitis, followed by an acute systemic inflammatory response). Lung disease originating from an inflammatory response has several degrees of severity. In the presence of sepsis, these range from a subclinical expression of pulmonary damage to overt respiratory failure. The most feared complication of sepsis is ARDS, a severe form of acute lung injury (ALI).


Acute Lung Injury Respir Crit Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome Ventilatory Strategy Noninvasive Ventilation 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. Lucangelo
    • 1
  • S. Gramaticopolo
    • 1
  • B. Bacer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Perioperative Medicine, Intensive Care and Emergency, Cattinara HospitalTrieste University School of MedicineTriesteItaly

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