Non-invasive Respiratory Assistance in Paediatric Patients

  • G. Chidini
  • D. d’Onofrio
  • E. Calderini


In the last decade, non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has been used to provide respiratory assistance in various groups of patients, mainly in those with COPD, cardiogenic pulmonary oedema and acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure. Most of the experience originates from studies carried out in adult patients. In contrast, data regarding the use of NIV in infants and children are scarce, and case series constitute the majority of knowledge in acute and in home settings. Moreover many of the published studies reported data derived from the treatment of mixed groups of children and diseases, making it more difficult to draw conclusions with respect to any specific population or disease.


Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Spinal Muscular Atrophy Functional Residual Capacity Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Chidini
    • 1
  • D. d’Onofrio
    • 2
  • E. Calderini
    • 1
  1. 1.Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Department of Anesthesia and Critical CareFondazione Policlinico Mangiagalli Regina Elena IRCCSMilanItaly
  2. 2.Department of Environment, Health and SafetyUniversity of InsubriaVareseItaly

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