Pre- and Intra-operative Diagnostic Fibrocholangioscopy

  • Gian M Gazzaniga
  • Marco Filauro


Exploration of the intra- and extra-hepatic biliary tree using small-size flexible endoscopic instruments took place in the 1980s, when technological improvement in the field of endoscopy made technically more advanced instruments available [1]


Common Bile Duct Biliary Tract Cystic Duct Sinus Tract Biliary Duct 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gian M Gazzaniga
    • 1
  • Marco Filauro
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgery HPB UnitGalliera HospitalGenoaItaly

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