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Pre- and Intra-operative Diagnostic Fibrocholangioscopy

  • Gian M Gazzaniga
  • Marco Filauro

Abstract

Exploration of the intra- and extra-hepatic biliary tree using small-size flexible endoscopic instruments took place in the 1980s, when technological improvement in the field of endoscopy made technically more advanced instruments available [1]

Keywords

Common Bile Duct Biliary Tract Cystic Duct Sinus Tract Biliary Duct 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gian M Gazzaniga
    • 1
  • Marco Filauro
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgery HPB UnitGalliera HospitalGenoaItaly

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