Shock Wave for Main Bile Duct Stones

  • Stefano Amplatz
  • Fausto Chilovi


The introduction of endoscopic sphincterotomy by Demling and Kawai in 1974 [1, 2] with or without mechanical lithotripsy followed by stone extraction with a Dormia basket or with a Fogarty-type balloon has gained wide acceptance as a standard non-operative modality for the removal of common bile duct (CBD) stones [3, 4, 5]. The rate of successful stone removal has been reported to be more than 92% [5, 6, 7, 8, 9]. The most frequent causes that can hinder the endoscopic extraction of bile duct stones are the presence of impacted or large stones, bile duct strictures, unusual anatomy, or the presence of intrahepatic stones.


Bile Duct Common Bile Duct Shock Wave Lithotripsy Common Bile Duct Stone Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefano Amplatz
    • 1
  • Fausto Chilovi
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of GastroenterologyCentral Hospital of BolzanoBolzanoItaly

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