Extracorporeal Shock Wave Treatment of Gallbladder Stones

  • Luís Carrilho-Ribeiro
  • Miguel Carneiro de Moura


Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is a treatment option for selected patients with gallbladder stone disease. The word ‘lithoripsy’ stems from the Greek word for stones (litos) and the Latin word for crushing (tritura). Accordingly, ESWL consists in the generation of special acoustic waves, referred to as shock waves, which can penetrate and pass through body tissues. These waves can be targeted at and focused on the stones. This method was developed in Germany in the 1970s. Its first clinical application, for the treatment of urinary stones, was reported in 1980 [1].


Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy Stone Recurrence Gallbladder Stone Biliary Pain Oral Cholecystography 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luís Carrilho-Ribeiro
    • 1
  • Miguel Carneiro de Moura
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre of GastroenterologyUniversity Hôpitaux de Santa MariaLisbonPortugal

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