Synchronous Treatment of Common Bile Duct Stones by Laparoscopy

  • Alessandro M. Paganini
  • Adriana Rotundo
  • Emanuele Lezoche


Single-stage laparoscopic treatment of gallstones and common bile duct (CBD) stones in elective patients is an alternative treatment option to two-stage endo-laparoscopic treatment and to open choledocholithotomy with cholecystectomy [1]. In some centers it has been performed for more than 10 years and several reports have demonstrated its feasibility, safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7].


Common Bile Duct Cystic Duct Common Bile Duct Stone Common Hepatic Duct Residual Stone 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alessandro M. Paganini
    • 1
  • Adriana Rotundo
    • 1
  • Emanuele Lezoche
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of General Surgery and Organ Transplantation P. Stefanini Azienda Policlinico Umberto IUniversity of Rome La SapienzaRomeItaly

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